Image of Hattie McDaniel

Hattie McDaniel

Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1893 - October 26, 1952) was an American actress whose portrayal of Mammy in Gone with the Wind (1939) won her the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress, making her the first black person to win an Academy Award. After working as early as the 1910s as a band vocalist, Hattie McDaniel debuted as a maid in The Golden West (1932). Her maid-mammy characters became steadily more assertive, showing up first in Judge Priest (1934) and becoming pronounced in Alice Adams (1935). In this one, directed by George Stevens and aided and abetted by star Katharine Hepburn, she makes it clear she has little use for her employers' pretentious status seeking. By The Mad Miss Manton (1938) the character she portrays actually tells off her socialite employer Barbara Stanwyck and her snooty friends. This path extends into the greatest role of McDaniel's career, Mammy in Gone with the Wind (1939). Mammy is, in a number of ways, superior to most of the white folk surrounding her. From that point, McDaniel's roles unfortunately descended, with the characters becoming more and more menial. McDaniel played on the "Amos and Andy" and Eddie Cantor radio shows in the 1930s and 1940s, the title character in her own radio show "Beulah" (1947-51), and the same part on TV (Beulah, 1950).

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Jun 10, 1895 In Wichita, Kansas, USA
Movie/TV Credits:
First Appeared:
In the movie The Impatient Maiden 1932-03-01
Latest Project:
Series Explained 2018-05-23
Known For
Poster of Explained
Poster of And the Oscar Goes To...
Poster of Song of the South
Poster of Arbor Day
Series Explained Self - First Black Oscar Winner (archive footage) 2018-05-23
Movie And the Oscar Goes To... Unknown 2014-02-01
Movie 1939: Hollywood's Greatest Year Unknown 2009-07-02
Movie The Making of a Legend: Gone with the Wind (archive footage) 1988-10-01
Movie George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey Unknown 1985-03-03
Movie Musical Comedy Tonight III Unknown 1985-11-22
Series Sylvia Fine Kaye's Musical Comedy Tonight III Self 1985-11-22
Movie Hollywood Out-takes and Rare Footage Herself (archive footage) 1983-02-25
Series Beulah Unknown 1950-10-03
Movie The Big Wheel Minnie 1949-11-04
Movie Mickey Bertha 1948-06-23
Movie Family Honeymoon Phyllis 1948-12-06
Movie The Flame Celia 1947-11-24
Movie Margie Cynthia 1946-10-15
Movie Janie Gets Married April 1946-06-22
Movie Never Say Goodbye Cozy 1946-11-09
Movie Song of the South Aunt Tempy 1946-11-12
Movie Since You Went Away Fidelia 1944-06-30
Movie Janie April, Conway's Maid 1944-09-02
Movie Hi, Beautiful Millie 1944-12-18
Movie Three Is a Family Maid 1944-11-23
Movie Johnny Come Lately Aida 1943-09-03
Movie Thank Your Lucky Stars Gossip in 'Ice Cold Katie' Number 1943-09-25
Movie The Male Animal Cleota 1942-03-12
Movie In This Our Life Minerva Clay 1942-05-08
Movie George Washington Slept Here Hester 1942-10-30
Movie The Great Lie Violet 1941-04-05
Movie They Died with Their Boots On Callie 1941-11-20
Movie Affectionately Yours Cynthia, Sue's Cook 1941-05-10
Movie Maryland Aunt Clara 1940-07-19
Movie Cavalcade of the Academy Awards Herself 1940-07-31
Movie Zenobia Dehlia 1939-04-21
Movie Everybody's Baby Hattie 1939-03-24
Movie Gone with the Wind Mammy 1939-12-15
Movie Battle Of Broadway Agatha 1938-04-22
Movie The Shopworn Angel Martha 1938-07-15
Movie Vivacious Lady Hattie (uncredited) 1938-05-13
Movie The Shining Hour Belvedere 1938-11-18
Movie Carefree Hattie (uncredited) 1938-09-02
Movie The Mad Miss Manton Hilda 1938-10-21
Movie Saratoga Rosetta 1937-07-23
Movie The Crime Nobody Saw Ambrosia 1937-03-12
Movie Racing Lady Abby 1937-01-12
Movie Sky Racket Jenny 1937-10-01
Movie Don't Tell the Wife Mamie (uncredited) 1937-03-05
Movie Merry Go Round of 1938 Maid 1937-11-14
Movie Over the Goal Hannah 1937-10-16
Movie True Confession Ella 1937-12-24
Movie Quick Money Hattie (uncredited) 1937-12-10
Movie Nothing Sacred Mrs. Walker (uncredited) 1937-11-25
Movie Show Boat Queenie 1936-05-17
Movie Arbor Day la mère de Buckwheat 1936-05-02
Movie Next Time We Love Hanna 1936-01-30
Movie High Tension Hattie 1936-07-10
Movie The First Baby Unknown 1936-04-02
Movie The Singing Kid Maid (uncredited) 1936-04-10
Movie The Bride Walks Out Mamie 1936-07-10
Movie Postal Inspector Deborah 1936-08-16
Movie Libeled Lady Scrubwoman in Grand Plaza Hall (uncredited) 1936-10-09
Movie Reunion Sadie 1936-11-20
Movie Valiant Is the Word for Carrie Ellen Belle 1936-10-06
Movie Star for a Night Hattie 1936-08-28
Movie China Seas Isabel McCarthy (uncredited) 1935-08-09
Movie Wig-Wag Cook 1935-04-11
Movie The Little Colonel Becky "Mom Beck" Porter 1935-02-22
Movie Traveling Saleslady Martha Smith (uncredited) 1935-03-28
Movie Alice Adams Malena Burns - Maid Serving Dinner 1935-08-23
Movie Murder by Television Isabella 1935-10-01
Movie Another Face Nellie (uncredited) 1935-12-20
Movie We're Only Human Molly 1935-12-27
Movie Music Is Magic Hattie (Amanda in credits) 1935-11-01
Movie City Park Tessie 1934-05-01
Movie Merry Wives of Reno Bunny's Maid (uncredited) 1934-04-18
Movie Mickey's Rescue Maid 1934-03-22
Movie King Kelly of the U.S.A. Mop Buyer 1934-09-15
Movie Operator 13 Annie (uncredited) 1934-06-08
Movie Babbitt Rosalie 1934-12-08
Movie Judge Priest Aunt Dilsey 1934-09-15
Movie Imitation of Life Woman at Funeral (uncredited) 1934-11-23
Movie Fate's Fathead Mandy - the Maid 1934-11-17
Movie Flirtation Abigail (uncredited) 1934-11-09
Movie Hello, Sister! Woman in Apartment House 1933-04-14
Movie Good-bye Love Edna the Maid 1933-11-09
Movie I'm No Angel Manicurist 1933-10-06
Movie The Impatient Maiden Injured Patient 1932-03-01
Movie Are You Listening? Performer entering radio station 1932-03-21
Movie The Washington Masquerade Maid (uncredited) 1932-07-09
Movie Blonde Venus Unknown 1932-09-23