Image of Georges Méliès

Georges Méliès

Georges Méliès, full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. One of the first filmmakers to use multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, tracking shots, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his work, Méliès pioneered effects that would define cinematic special effects for decades to come.  A prolific innovator in the use of special effects, Méliès accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896, a method of creating seamless disappearing and/or appearing effects used throughout both films and television for decades to come.  Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through cinematography, Méliès is sometimes referred to as the first "Cinemagician". Two of his best-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904). Both stories involve strange, surreal voyages, somewhat in the style of Jules Verne, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films, though their approach is closer to fantasy. Méliès was also an early pioneer of horror cinema, which can be traced back to his Le Manoir du diable (1896).   In early 1909 Méliès stopped making films to protest Thomas Edison's Motion Pictures Parents Company monopoly, and presided over the first meeting of the International Filmmakers Congress in Paris.  Further financial hardships created by his opposition to Edison and diminishing influence, Méliès disappeared from public life. By the mid-1920s he made a meager living as a candy and toy salesma in Paris, with the assistance of funds collected by other filmmakers.  Although he was recognized for his contributions in cinema, Méliès spent most of his later years in poverty before being accepted into La Maison du Retraite du Cinéma, the film industry's retirement home in Orly.  

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Dec 8, 1861 In Paris, France
Movie/TV Credits:
First Appeared:
In the movie Playing Cards 1896-01-01
Latest Project:
Movie The Méliès Mystery 2021-01-02
Known For
Poster of The Méliès Mystery
Poster of The Extraordinary Voyage
Poster of Cinematógrafo 1900
Poster of The Pillar of Fire
Movie The Méliès Mystery (archive footage) 2021-01-02
Movie El hombre que quiso ser Segundo (Archive footage) 2014-11-30
Movie The Extraordinary Voyage Himself - Filmmaker (archive footage) 2011-12-08
Movie Georges Méliès: First Wizard of Cinema (1896-1913) Unknown 2008-03-11
Movie Méliès' Magic Show Divers 1997-07-01
Movie Cinematógrafo 1900 (Archive footage) 1979-11-25
Movie Violons d'Ingres Himself (archive footage) 1939-01-01
Movie The Conquest of the Pole Le professeur Mabouloff 1912-01-01
Movie The Knight of the Snow Devil 1912-05-16
Movie The Doctor's Secret Unknown 1910-01-01
Movie The Diabolical Church Window Unknown 1910-01-01
Movie The Diabolic Tenant Le Locataire diabolique 1909-01-01
Movie Whimsical Illusions Unknown 1909-12-01
Movie The Indian Sorcerer The Fakir 1908-01-19
Movie Tribulations; or, The Misfortunes of a Cobbler The Roman 1908-07-02
Movie Long Distance Wireless Photography Unknown 1908-03-31
Movie The Eclipse: Courtship of the Sun and Moon Professor of Astronomy 1907-01-01
Movie Good Glue Sticks Unknown 1907-01-01
Movie 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Unknown 1907-01-01
Movie Tunneling the English Channel Unknown 1907-06-30
Movie Satan in Prison Satan 1907-11-01
Movie The Hilarious Posters The Bill Poster 1906-01-01
Movie The Mysterious Retort Unknown 1906-01-01
Movie The Merry Frolics of Satan Satan 1906-01-01
Movie The Witch The Fairy Carabosse 1906-12-20
Movie A Mesmerian Experiment Unknown 1905-01-01
Movie The Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship Unknown 1905-01-01
Movie The Black Imp Unknown 1905-01-01
Movie The Palace of the Arabian Nights The Sorcerer Khalafar (uncredited) 1905-05-29
Movie Rip's Dream Rip Van Winkle 1905-11-23
Movie The Living Playing Cards The Magician 1905-01-01
Movie The Wandering Jew Unknown 1904-01-01
Movie Tit for Tat Unknown 1904-02-05
Movie A Wager Between Two Magicians, or, Jealous of Myself The Magician / The Double 1904-02-13
Movie The Wonderful Living Fan Unknown 1904-01-01
Movie The Christmas Angel The Rag-and-Bone Man / Beggar on Crutches / Coal Seller 1904-01-01
Movie The Cook in Trouble Unknown 1904-01-01
Movie Every Man His Own Cigar Lighter Unknown 1904-02-13
Movie The Mermaid Unknown 1904-01-01
Movie The Terrible Turkish Executioner Unknown 1904-01-05
Movie The Firefall Satan 1904-05-14
Movie The Devilish Plank Unknown 1904-05-22
Movie The Fugitive Apparitions Unknown 1904-03-04
Movie A Moonlight Serenade Unknown 1904-04-22
Movie Tchin-Chao, the Chinese Conjurer Unknown 1904-04-29
Movie The Impossible Voyage Mabouloff 1904-10-01
Movie The Untameable Whiskers Man with whiskers 1904-03-05
Movie The Clockmaker's Dream Unknown 1904-03-12
Movie Misfortune Never Comes Alone Lamplighter 1903-06-12
Movie The Infernal Cakewalk Devil 1903-06-12
Movie The Mystical Flame Unknown 1903-07-24
Movie The Marvellous Wreath Musketeer 1903-06-12
Movie The Mysterious Box Unknown 1903-01-01
Movie The Monster Unknown 1903-08-14
Movie The Magic Lantern Unknown 1903-01-01
Movie Extraordinary Illusions Unknown 1903-01-01
Movie The Prolific Magical Egg Unknown 1903-01-31
Movie The Oracle of Delphi Unknown 1903-08-14
Movie The Ballet Master's Dream Unknown 1903-12-09
Movie Faust in the Underworld Mephistopholes 1903-12-12
Movie The Melomaniac Unknown 1903-08-15
Movie Alcofribas, The Master Magician Unknown 1903-11-22
Movie Bob Kick, the Mischievous Kid Unknown 1903-11-21
Movie The Kingdom of the Fairies Prince Bel-Azor 1903-09-01
Movie Apparitions Unknown 1903-10-16
Movie The Infernal Cauldron Devil 1903-10-17
Movie Jupiter's Thunderballs Unknown 1903-11-07
Movie The Human Fly The Hindoo Magician 1902-01-01
Movie Gulliver's Travels Among the Lilliputians and the Giants Gulliver 1902-01-01
Movie Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoé 1902-01-01
Movie The Treasures of Satan Unknown 1902-01-01
Movie A Trip to the Moon Professor Barbenfouillis / The Moon 1902-04-17
Movie The Devil and the Statue Unknown 1901-01-01
Movie The Prince of Magicians Excelsior 1901-01-01
Movie The Magician's Cavern Unknown 1901-01-01
Movie The Dwarf and the Giant Unknown 1901-01-01
Movie Hat of Many Surprises Unknown 1901-01-01
Movie The Triple Headed Lady Unknown 1901-05-01
Movie Bluebeard Barbe-bleue 1901-01-01
Movie The Man with the Rubber Head The Chemist / The India Rubber Head 1901-01-01
Movie The Wizard, the Prince and the Good Fairy Prince 1900-01-01
Movie Up-to-Date Spiritualism Le comique excentrique 1900-01-01
Movie The Fat and Lean Wrestling Match Wrestler 1900-01-01
Movie The Magic Book The Magician 1900-01-01
Movie The Triple Conjurer and the Living Head Conjurer 1900-01-01
Movie A Fantastical Meal The Man 1900-01-01
Movie Going to Bed Under Difficulties The Man 1900-01-01
Movie Joan of Arc Unknown 1900-08-06
Movie The Christmas Dream Beggar 1900-08-08
Movie The Artist and the Dummy Artiste 1900-05-21
Movie The One-Man Band All the members of the orchestra 1900-01-01
Movie The Mysterious Knight Le chevalier mystère 1899-01-01
Movie The Mysterious Portrait L'illusioniste 1899-01-01
Movie The Pillar of Fire Unknown 1899-01-01
Movie The Devil in a Convent The Devil 1899-01-01
Movie Cleopatra's Tomb un profanateur de la tombe de Cléopâtre 1899-01-01
Movie The Human Pyramid Unknown 1899-05-20
Movie The Dreyfus Affair Fernand Labori 1899-11-04
Movie The Conjurer Magician 1899-01-01
Movie Cinderella Le Gnome de la Pendule / Le Suisse à l'Entrée de l'Église 1899-10-01
Movie Summoning the Spirits Unknown 1899-05-20
Movie The Famous Box Trick The Magician 1898-01-01
Movie Pygmalion and Galatea Pygmalion 1898-01-01
Movie The Magician Le Sculpteur 1898-01-01
Movie The Four Troublesome Heads Conjurer 1898-01-01
Movie The Temptation of St. Anthony Unknown 1898-01-01
Movie The Astronomer's Dream Astronomer 1898-01-01
Movie Naval Combat in Greece The Captain 1897-01-01
Movie Between Calais and Dover The Man in the Checked Suit 1897-01-01
Movie The Bewitched Inn Unknown 1897-01-01
Movie The Haunted Castle Unknown 1897-01-01
Movie The Vanishing Lady Magician 1896-01-01
Movie Playing Cards Un joueur de cartes 1896-01-01
Movie A Terrible Night L'homme qui essaie de dormir 1896-01-01
Movie The Haunted Castle Mephistopheles 1896-12-24
Movie A Nightmare Man 1896-12-25
Movie Conjuring Himself 1896-06-15