Image of Ivan Mosjoukine

Ivan Mosjoukine

Ivan Ilyich Mozzhukhin, usually billed using the French transliteration Ivan Mosjoukine, was a Russian silent film actor, writer and director. Born in Kondol, in the Saratov Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Penza Oblast in Russia), Ivan Mozzhukhin was the youngest of four brothers. His mother Rachel Ivanovna Mozzhukhina (née Lastochkina) was the daughter of a Russian Orthodox priest, while his father Ilya Ivanovich Mozzhukhin came from peasants and served as an estate manager for the noble Obolensky family. While all three elder brothers finished seminary, Ivan was sent to the Penza gymnasium for boys and later studied law at the Moscow State University. In 1910, he left academic life to join a troupe of traveling actors from Kiev, with which he toured for a year, gaining experience and a reputation for dynamic stage presence. Upon returning to Moscow, he launched his screen career with the 1911 adaptation of Tolstoy's The Kreutzer Sonata. Mosjoukine's most lasting contribution to the theoretical concept of film as image is the legacy of his own face in recurring representation of illusory reactions seen in Lev Kuleshov's psychological montage experiment which demonstrated the Kuleshov Effect. In 1918, the first full year of the Russian Revolution, Kuleshov assembled his revolutionary illustration of the application of the principles of film editing out of footage from one of Mosjoukine's Tsarist-era films which had been left behind when he, along with his entire film production company, departed for the relative safety of Crimea in 1917. At the end of 1919, Mosjoukine arrived in Paris and quickly established himself as one of the top stars of the French silent cinema, starring in one successful film after another. Handsome, tall, and possessing a powerful screen presence, he won a considerable following as a mysterious and exotic romantic figure. Mosjoukine's film stardom was assured and during the 1920s, his face with the trademark hypnotic stare appeared on covers of film magazines all over Europe. He wrote the screenplays for most of his starring vehicles and directed two of them, L'Enfant du carnaval (Child of the Carnival), released on 29 August 1921 and Le Brasier ardent (The Blazing Inferno), released on 2 November 1923. The leading lady in both films was the then-"Madame Mosjoukine", Nathalie Lissenko. Brasier, in particular, was highly praised for its innovative and inventive concepts, but ultimately proved too surreal and bizarre to become financially successful. Ivan Mosjoukine died of tuberculosis in a Neuilly-sur-Seine clinic. All available sources give his age as 49 and year of birth as 1889. However, his gravestone at the Russian cemetery in the Parisian suburb of Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois is inscribed with the year 1887.

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Sep 26, 1889 In Penza, Russian Empire [now Russia]
Movie/TV Credits:
First Appeared:
In the movie At Midnight in the Graveyard 1910-02-12
Latest Project:
Movie Ivan Mosjoukine, or the Carnival Child 1998-01-01
Known For
Poster of Nitchevo
Poster of The White Devil
Poster of The Adjutant of the Czar
Poster of The Lion of the Moguls
Movie Ivan Mosjoukine, or the Carnival Child Self (archive footage) 1998-01-01
Movie Nitchevo Unknown 1936-12-18
Movie Casanova Unknown 1934-04-13
Movie L'enfant du carnaval Unknown 1934-04-26
Movie The 1002nd Night Tahar 1933-05-19
Movie Le Sergent X Jean Renault 1932-01-02
Movie Le sergent X Jean Renault 1932-04-01
Movie The White Devil Hadschi Murat 1930-01-28
Movie The Adjutant of the Czar Prince Boris Kurbski 1929-02-12
Movie Manolescu, the Prince of Adventures Manolescu 1929-04-30
Movie The President Chico/Pepe Torre, ein Bauer 1928-03-20
Movie The Secret Courier Julien Sorel 1928-10-25
Movie Surrender Constantine 1927-01-02
Movie Loves of Casanova Casanova 1927-10-08
Movie The Late Mathias Pascal Mathias Pascal (as Ivan Mosjoukine) 1926-02-12
Movie Michel Strogoff Michael Strogoff 1926-06-30
Movie Kean Edmund Kean 1924-02-14
Movie Les Ombres Qui Passent Louis Barclay 1924-07-20
Movie The Lion of the Moguls le prince Roundghito-Sing 1924-12-12
Movie The House of Mystery Julien Villandrit 1923-01-02
Movie The Burning Crucible Zed, le détective 1923-08-04
Movie Lord Chilcott Unknown 1923-01-07
Movie Tempêtes Henri 1922-06-09
Movie Justice d'abord Unknown 1921-01-02
Movie L’enfant du carnaval Marquis Octave de Granier 1921-07-29
Movie A Narrow Escape Octave de Granier 1920-11-19
Movie Father and Son Unknown 1919-02-23
Movie The Queen's Secret Unknown 1919-11-05
Movie Malyutka Elli Unknown 1918-01-19
Movie Father Sergius Prince Kasatsky, later Father Sergius 1918-05-14
Movie Spirit of the Knight Unknown 1918-10-12
Movie Blood Need Not Be Spilled Unknown 1917-05-30
Movie The Prosecutor Eric Olsen, prosecutor 1917-02-20
Movie Behind the Screen Ivan Mosjoukine 1917-07-28
Movie Satan Triumphant Pastor Talnoks; his son Sandro 1917-10-21
Movie Sin Unknown 1916-01-01
Movie V buynoy slepote strastey Nikolay 1916-01-19
Movie Plyaska smerti Unknown 1916-01-01
Movie И песнь осталась недопетой Unknown 1916-01-01
Movie Life is a Moment, Art is Forever Prince Boleslav 1916-05-03
Movie The Queen of Spades Hermann 1916-04-01
Movie Give Her Something, For the Sake of Christ! Unknown 1916-10-11
Movie Zhenshchina s kinzhalom Unknown 1916-05-31
Movie Petersburg Slums Unknown 1915-01-02
Movie Vanyushin's Children Unknown 1915-04-07
Movie War and Peace Prince Bolkonsky 1915-02-13
Movie Nikolay Stavrogin Unknown 1915-09-01
Movie Я и моя совесть Unknown 1915-10-06
Movie Life in Death Dr. Renaud 1914-10-24
Movie Sorvanets Anatoli 1914-10-18
Movie Her Heroic Feat Robert 1914-09-29
Movie Glory to Us, Death to the Enemy Russian officer 1914-11-01
Movie Ty pomnish' li? Yaron 1914-01-01
Movie Woman of Tomorrow Nikolay, Anna's husband 1914-04-27
Movie Chrysanthemums Vladimir 1914-11-03
Movie Mazepa Mazepa 1914-12-30
Movie Skazka o spyashchei i tsarevne i semi bogatryakh Crown Prince Elisei 1914-12-29
Movie Mysterious Someone Writer 1914-11-09
Movie Wicked Night Georges Vinogradov, a student 1914-11-18
Movie In the Hands of Merciless Fate Unknown 1913-01-02
Movie Drunkenness and Its Consequences Unknown 1913-01-01
Movie Uncle's Apartment Unknown 1913-05-07
Movie Accession of the Romanov Dynasty Unknown 1913-02-16
Movie The Night Before Christmas Devil 1913-12-26
Movie Sarra's Mountain Unknown 1913-09-09
Movie The Little House in Kolomna The officer in the guards / Mavrusha 1913-10-09
Movie The Precipice Rayskiy 1913-09-17
Movie The Brigand Brothers Brigand 1912-01-01
Movie Strasnie pokoynik Unknown 1912-01-01
Movie The Peasants' Lot Petr 1912-03-28
Movie Worker's Quarters Unknown 1912-04-07
Movie The In-Law Ivan 1912-08-19
Movie Na boykom meste Unknown 1911-01-01
Movie Defence of Sevastopol Kornilov, and an associte of the envoy of the Menikov retinue 1911-12-08
Movie The Kreutzer Sonata Unknown 1911-01-02
Movie At Midnight in the Graveyard Unknown 1910-02-12